SBL Proposal Accepted on Orestes Myth in the Canonical Acts of the Apostles

Got confirmation of acceptance this morning. Thank you to the session chairs (Eric Vanden Eykel and Christy Cobb) and the review committee for the opportunity to present this research.

Title: Murder, Madness, Mending, Mission, Mates, Mars Hill, and Mob Justice: The Characterization of Paul as a New Orestes in the Canonical Acts of the Apostles

Abstract: While myth critics have thoroughly explored the influence of Euripides’ Bacchae on the canonical Acts, the potential influence of his Orestes (in tandem with his twin Iphigenia plays), as well as Aeschylus’ Oresteia has gone overlooked. Here we outline the sagas of Orestes and the Paul of Acts in parallel: guilty of murder, subjected to religious madness, mended to health by a friend, sent on a divine mission, accompanied by faithful travel-mates, making a speech of self-defense on the Areopagus, and narrowly escaping mob execution at a major center of Artemis worship. Besides these parallel plot-lines, we detail numerous ways in which the Pauline narrative exhibits hallmark literary and thematic features of Greek drama and novels, such as the transformation of the hero’s character, the contrast of folly and wisdom, the negotiation of Greek and non-Greek identity, the inevitability of the divine will as mused by the narrator, and deus ex machina pivot points and resolutions. Finally, we seek to divine the purpose of such mythical characterization: providing meaningful cultural analogues to scaffold readerly understanding; referencing commonplace cultural iconography; engaging in entertainment characteristic of novelistic fiction; engendering Roman sympathy for Jews committed to pacifism; repositioning Jewish aniconism as a form of Greek philosophy; embracing the philhellenic policies of Hadrian; invoking the foundational Greek etiology of trial law to apply to Jesus-followers; and forming a literary-mythological foundation for Pauline hero cult. NB for evaluators: Anna Lefteratou is not an SBL member but she will co-author this presentation and may co-present, depending on future commitments.

Qn Jesus: Aesop for the Poor

The opening mythical/literary frame that identifies and defines Jesus in the newly rediscovered first Gospel (Qn, 50-65 Judea) was none other than the notoriously ugly slave, randy philosopher, and witty fabulist Aesop.

We’ve laid out the basic details of this opening material in our iterative, Open Access book proposal. We’ll definitely need specialists on Aesop to help us fill in what we expect to be many, many overlaps (some previously discovered and perhaps many not yet discovered) between the fables of Aesop and the reconstructed content of Qn. Even the closing story about Zacchaeus may point to an Aesop-influenced inclusio.

Mythical Christianity: Book Series Announcement

As I’m preparing to publish several forthcoming books, I did a scan of current book titles in print to make sure my titles would be unique and original. I was originally thinking about using the title FrankenChrist for the first volume, but there is already an album with that name; and FrankenChurch for the fourth volume, but there is already book with that title.

So, without further ado, today on June 11, 2020, I’m claiming the following titles and announcing the Mythical Christianity series:

  • Book 1. The Mythical Christ
  • Book 2. The Mythical Peter and Paul
  • Book 3. The Mythical Bible
  • Book 4. The Mythical Church